Stress Basic Concepts

By  

Stress is a process by which we respond to circumstances that require energy. It can sometimes be comparable to motivation, it makes us be more effective and decisive, but popularly referred to stress activation unproductive, harmful, wear the organism. The stimuli that trigger this process are called stressors, and may be anything from working too many hours, not work at all, boredom, physical pain, death of someone, to break even, the absence of life goals, etc. This triggers a potentially negative emotional reaction that results in symptoms. The most common symptoms of stress include palpitations, tachycardia, discomfort and gastric disorders, headaches, muscle spasms, dizziness, fatigue, poor concentration and sleep, irritability, apathy, sexual dysfunction and menstrual disturbances, sadness, anhedonia, obsessiveness, rigidity of character, inability to make decisions and concentrate, forgetfulness, hypersensitivity to criticism and mental blocks. Also prone to accidents, drug abuse, overeating and / or lack of appetite, drinking and smoking excessively, impulsive behavior, and so on. These symptoms can have an impact on work, such as absenteeism, troubled relationships, poor productivity, dissatisfaction with the work …

It is estimated that stress is the 2nd cause of sick leave (with multiple diagnoses). Instead of looking withstand more stress to the limit because, supposedly giving up more, which we must seek to reduce the level of stress to fit our breakeven point: the optimal performance is the maximum, but when activation is moderate. But in between there is a single factor of perception, the filter with which we serve and we see what happens: the original stressor, the meaning we give our emotional reaction, if we are more or less able to handle it, our subsequent behavior, etc.