Martinez Tamez

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In 1931 the Russian film director Sergei Eisenstein filmed the unfinished tape Que viva Mexico! , While Fernando de Fuentes made Compadre Mendoza (1933) and Let's Go with Pancho Villa (1935). The surprise commercial success en el Rancho Grande (1936), Fernando de Fuentes also marked the beginning of the national film industry. There were external factors that contributed to the growth of our film: World War II caused the production of films in Europe and the United States declined, which reduced foreign competition and opened the market for Mexican films. In 1940, actor Mario Moreno (better known as Cantinflas) became a national idol in the film There's the detail, Juan Bustillo Oro from that decade produced films that would be recognized around the world such as Maria Candelaria (1943), Emilio Fernandez, Dona Barbara (1943), by Fernando de Fuentes, and Different Dawn (1943), Julio Bracho. In 1944 he founded the Churubusco studios, which produced the prolific Mexican films of all genres that would be appreciated by the rest of Latin America.

In the fifties there was a significant generation of directors such as Julio Bracho, Roberto Gavaldon, Alejandro Galindo, Ismael Rodriguez and Emilio "Indio" Fernandez, but above all, acknowledged the strengthening of a group of actors that took root in the popular mind as Maria Felix, Pedro Armendariz, Andrea Palma, Jorge Negrete, Pedro Infante, and Andres Fernando Soler, Sara Garcia, Dolores del Rio, Marga Lopez, Arturo de Cordova and Pardave Joaquin, who, along with many others, became the architects of the flowering of film industry, in which films were made regarded today as classics of Mexican cinema. During the golden film era occurred an average of 122 films each year, an amount that exceeded the time limits dreamed. E splendor period was characterized by addressing the following topics: rancheras and musical comedies, detective stories and representations of the life of the middle class, managing to portray a country living a process of urbanization, with which the spectators fully identified . In addition to these issues, conducted in 1950 Luis Bunuel's Mexican masterpiece forgotten film about marginalized youth in the great capital which won the Best Director at Cannes in 1951. Conclusions: In the article could be seen as the start of the film in our country since its introduction, development, use and development. Although at first the film was political purposes, for presidential campaigns, and propaganda, later was given an educational use and fun, at the time of the revolution was given use of media, then was given a use of presidential propaganda, until the 30's where he began to occur as it is today, an art . From these years, there have been directors, producers and actors, have begun to excel in our country, and internationally, such as Alfonso Cuaron. Bibliography: gacia Riera, Emilio.

Documentary history of Mexican cinema. Mexico, Era, 1970. 9. Toms. Martinez Tamez, Hector. Brief history of Mexican cinema. Mexico, Venustiano Carranza, 1983. Tunon, Julia. Women of light and shadow in Mexican cinema. The construction of an image, 1939-1952. Mexico, El Colegio de Mexico-Mexican Film Institute, 1998. Prepared by students of the Technological Institute of Queretaro Del Mechanical Engineering area: Santos Patricio Andres Vasquez Pamela Gaspar